Ivermectin is one of the most widely discussed pharmaceutical products to hit the market in the last 35 years. The antiparasitic properties of this “miracle drug” are well studied and widely known to the scientific community.
Due to its apparent potential as an antiviral agent, in recent years, there has been a lot of talk about the use of Ivermectin for treating viral infections. Partly it is because scientists are actively looking for reliable cures for Covid.
Let’s get the answers to the following questions: what are Ivermectin’s antiviral effects, and can Ivermectin kill viruses.
The TGA, FDA, MedSafe and other national regulatory bodies have yet to license the drug for viral and bacterial infections. The instructions for the drug mention the treatment of parasitic diseases. There are no additional indications at this time.
Ivermectin as an antiviral agent has been actively studied, especially after 2019.
In the National Center for Biotechnology Information, you can find many articles and reports on this issue [here are some of them. 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 ]. According to experiments, the drug neutralizes a wide range of viruses.
So, has Ivermectin virus-directed effects?
Apparently, it has.
However, you should understand that most scientific studies and experiments were laboratory ones. Discovering the full potential of Ivermectin for viral infection requires full-scale human preclinical/clinical studies.
Ivermectin and RNA viruses
One of the distinguishing features of RNA viruses (influenza, measles, hepatitis C, COVID-19, etc.) is their ability to mutate rapidly, which prevents the creation of new vaccines.
In some laboratory experiments, the drug has demonstrated activity against RNA viruses, such as:
- Yellow fever.
- Avian influenza A.
- Semliki Forest.
- HIV type 1.
It has been found that Ivermectin-containing agents are highly effective in the early stages of the disease. So, you can consider this drug a potential remedy to prevent diseases.
The problem is that these were experimental studies. Confirming these results requires human studies and clinical trials.
Does Ivermectin kill Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)
We didn’t find extensive medical studies to support that Ivermectin kills EBV. This virus, also known as human herpesvirus type 4, doesn’t pose a significant health risk for most people. However, sometimes it leads to health complications, both mild and severe.
90-95% of people have, had or will have EBV. You can get it without even knowing it. Many people carry the virus but don’t get sick. Currently, there is no specific treatment or vaccine for EBV.
Ivermectin and Zika virus (ZIKV)
As mentioned above, Ivermectin is highly active against RNA viruses, including ZIKV (go to studies), under laboratory conditions. However, as of 2022, there is no vaccine or drug licensed for clinical use against ZIKV.
This infectious agent is common in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It spreads mainly through the bite of an infected mosquito. As a rule, the disease proceeds without symptoms and complications.
Ivermectin for chest infection
Ivermectin has demonstrated activity against some types of viruses, but only in experimental laboratory studies. Moreover, a virus, a bacterium, and sometimes even a fungus can cause a chest infection. So, you can’t talk about the clinical utility of Ivermectin for lung infections.
As you can see, this drug can potentially treat viral infections. The results of studies and analysis demonstrate it. The next step should be drug studies involving humans. If clinical studies are successful, Ivermectin will have new indications.